Tuesday, 24 December 2013


  • The fastest growing flowering plant is the Hesperoyucca whipplei of the liliaceae family, one example of which grew 3.65cm in 14 days, a rate of about 25.4cm a day.
  • Slowest flowering plant is Bolivia’s rare Puya raimondii. The panicle (a cluster of flowers) emerges after about 80-150 years.
  • The largest living plant is a giant Sequoia (Sequioadendron giganteum) growing in Sequoia National park, California, USA, stands 82.6m (271ft) tall, has a diameter of 8.2m (27ft 2in) and a circumference of approximately 25.9m (85ft)- enough to make more than 5 billion matches.
  • The earliest species of plant is the maidenhair (Ginkgo biloba) of China which appeared about 160 million years ago.
  • The rarest species of plant is just 43 adult Wollemi pines (Wollemia nobilis) which exist in Wollemi national Park, Australia.
  • The tallest living species of plant is a coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) in Humboldt Redwoods State Park, California, USA measures 112.7m (370ft)
  • The plant with the largest single flower is  the muffled orange-brown and white parasitic plant, Rafllesia arnoldii which has the largest of all flowers- up to 91cm (3ft) wide and weighing around 11kg. Their petals are 1.9cm thick.
  • Carnivorous plants belonging to the Napenthaceae family (Genus Nepenthes) - particularly N. rajah and N. rafflesiana- have been known to eat large frogs, bird and even rats. They do so by using colour, smell and nectar to attract their prey, trapping and digesting them using enzymes. These species are commonly found in the rainforests of Asia in particular Borneo, Indonesia and Malaysia.

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